WCDMA Interleaving

How WCDMA Interleaving ? Effect Interleaving is used to reduce the probability of consecutive bits error Longer interleaving periods have better data protection with more delay Channel coding works well against random errors, but it is quite vulnerable to bursts of errors, which are typical in mobile radio systems. The especially fast moving UE in […]

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WCDMA Interleaving, bits error, data protection, wcdma basic, wcdma control

WCDMA Channel Coding

Effect Enhance the correlation among symbols so as to recover the signal when interference occurs Provides better error correction at receiver, but brings increment of the delay Channel Types No Coding Convolutional Coding (1/2, 1/3) Turbo Coding (1/3)   UTRAN employs two FEC schemes: convolutional codes and turbo codes. The idea is to add redundancy […]

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WCDMA Channel Coding, turbo code, convolution code, wcdma advance, wcdma bsic, wcdma codes planning

WCDMA Block Coding – CRC

Block coding is used to detect if there are any uncorrected errors left after error correction. The cyclic redundancy check (CRC) is a common method of block coding. Adding the CRC bits is done before the channel encoding and they are checked after the channel decoding. During the transmission, there are many interferences and fading. […]

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WCDMA Source Coding

AMR (Adaptive Multi-Rate) Speech A integrated speech codec with 8 source rates The AMR bit rates can be controlled by the RAN depending on the systemload and quality of the speech connections Video Phone Service H.324 is used for VP Service in CS domain Includes: video codec, speech codec, data protocols, multiplexing and etc. AMR […]

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Processing Procedure of WCDMA System

Source coding can increase the transmitting efficiency. Channel coding can make the transmission more reliable. Spreading can increase the capability of overcoming interference. Through the modulation, the signals will transfer to radio signals from digital signals. Bit, Symbol, Chip Bit : data after source coding Symbol: data after channel coding and interleaving Chip: data after […]

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The Core technology of 3G: CDMA

Formulated by the European standardization organization 3GPP, the core networkevolves on the basis of GSM/GPRS and can thus be compatible with the existingGSM/GPRS networks. It can be based on the TDM, ATM and IP technologies toevolve towards the all-IP network architecture. Based on the ATM technology, theUTRAN uniformly processes voice and packet services and evolves […]

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Which Bands Used in WCDMA ?

There are different band in different country but most of commonly used band we will discuss here. Main bands : means basic band when 3G commercial launch by Private or public sector. 1920 ~ 1980MHz / 2110 ~ 2170MHz Supplementary bands: different country maybe different as per government selling in auction. 1850 ~ 1910 MHz / 1930 MHz […]

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wcdma band, 3g band, 3g frequency, 3g spectrum, 3g band type, wcdma band used

3G Spectrum Allocation

How 3G Spectrum Allocation? 3G Spectrum Allocation is different in different country but mainly its all having as per below figure. ITU has allocated 3G Spectrum Allocation 230 MHz frequency for the 3G mobile communication system IMT- 2000: 1885 ~ 2025MHz in the uplink and 2110~ 2200 MHz in the downlink. Of them, the frequency […]

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3G Spectrum Allocation, itu, downlink band, uplink band, spectrum band, wcdma 3g band

How Channel Architecture in LTE?

A Logical Channel is defined by the type of information it carries. Logical channels are classified into control and traffic channels. Answer to the question: what is it being transported? A Transport Channel is defined by how and with what characteristics the information is transmitted. Answer to the question: how is it being transported? A […]

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How Channel Architecture in LTE?, physical, channel, information, transported, logical

How MAC Protocol Work In LTE?

The MAC protocol provides the following services: Logical Channel to Transport channel mapping Scheduling: There is no dedicated channel allocated to a UE. Time and frequency resources are dynamically shared between the users in DL and UL. The scheduler is part of the MAC layer and controls the assignment of uplink and downlink resources. Multiplexing/Demultiplexing […]

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How MAC Protocol Work In LTE?, channel, scheduler, shared, ue, resources, enodeb

Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol services in LTE

The Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol provides the following services: Segmentation of SDU according to the size Re-Segmentation of PDU Radio Bearer to logical channel mapping Transfer of data in 3 modes: TM Transparent Mode Without retransmission. For real-time service. UM Unacknowledged Mode Without retransmission, but error statistics (BLER) It can be used for the […]

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Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol services in LTE, data transfer, upper layer, Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol, LTE Basic, segmentation, retransmission

State of RRC in LTE

RRC uses the following states: RRC_Idle: •The UE is not connected. There is no radio link. •The network knows that the UE is present on the network and is able to reach it in case of incoming call. •The UE switches in idle mode when it is connected and there is no traffic to save […]

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State of RRC in LTE, network can transmit receive, traffic to save radio, e utran rrc connection

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