How Reference signals Map in LTE?

For channel estimation different types of reference signals are in use: – Cell specific reference signals. – MBSFN reference signals. – UE specific reference signals CELL-SPECIFIC REFERENCE SIGNALS These signals

Downlink Power control in LTE

The eNodeB determines the downlink transmit energy per resource element (lte epre). Downlink cell-specific reference-signal (RS) lte epre is constant across the downlink system bandwidth and constant across all subframes until

Why Power Control Essential in CDMA ?

Power control is essential for the smooth operation of a cdma system. Because all users share the same rf band through the use of pn codes Each user looks like random

What is RAKE RECEIVER and its Purpose in CDMA

Rake Receiver Instead of trying to overpower or correct multipath problems, CDMA takes advantage of the multipath to improve reception quality in fading conditions. CDMA does this by using multiple

Modulation and TB size

A 5-bit “modulation and coding scheme” yields the modulation order, i.e. QPSK, 16QAM or 64QAM. Implicitly the coding rate is given by a combination of the number of scheduled RBs

Functionally of EPC in LTE

EPC ( Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network) Functionally the EPC is equivalent to the packet switched domain of the existing 3GPP networks. EPC consist of:–MME (Mobility Management Entity)–SAE GW

What is LTE Requirement ?

Peak data rate 100Mbps (DL) and 50Mbps (UL) to 20MHz Throughput increased by 3-4 times and 2-3 times for the downlink to uplink from HSDPA Rel6 (DL=14.4Mbps, to use transmitter

The Benefit of OFDM & OFDMA in Wimax

Less complex modulation. OFDM is a simpler modulation technique that is better suited to deployments that do not require support for mobility.  License-exempt bands. Mobile services require licensed spectrum to