Advantages of CDMA Handoff

It is “soft”, meaning that communication is not interrupted by the handoff. This is sometimes called “make before break.” This means fewer dropped calls for users and higher customer satisfaction

Handoff Candidate Classification in CDMA

The mobile station continuously searches for Pilots to detect the presence of other CDMA signals that have the same carrier frequency and measures the strength (received Ec/Nt) of the pilots. 

How QPSK & BPSK Modulation in WCDMA?

A data-modulation scheme defines how the data bits are mixed with the carrier signal, which is always a sine wave. There are three basic ways to modulate a carrier signal

Transmit Diversity & Receive Diversity

Transmit Diversity MISO = Multiple Input Single Output Principle More complex than SISO. 2 or more transmitters and one receiver. MISO is more commonly referred to as transmit diversity. The

How to Reverse Access Channel Work in CDMA?

Reverse Access Channel used by MS Initiate Communication or Respond to Paging Channel. A reverse channel is first spread with WALSH to 307.2Kbps and then becomes 1.2288Mcps after long code

WCDMA Channelization Code

OVSF Code (Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor) is used as channelization code Orthogonal codes are easily generated by starting with a seed of 1, repeating the 1 horizontally and vertically, and

Forward Traffic Channel of CDMA

Forward Traffic Channel is used to Transmit Data and Signaling Information. Symbol repetition makes symbol streams at different rates adapted to those at the rate of 19.2k. The original symbol

What is Work of Paging Channel in CDMA?

The paging channel transmits: System parameters message Access parameters Neighbors list CDMA channels list message The paging channel accomplishes: Paging to MS Assign traffic channel to MS The frame length