Basic Work of WCDMA Physical Channel

A physical channel is defined by a specific carrier frequency, code (scrambling code, spreading code) and relative phase. In UMTS system, the different code (scrambling code or spreading code) can distinguish the...
Article Topics :

cdma, CHANNEL, code, physical, scrambling, telecom, time slot, ul

Terminal Transmitting and Receiving Process in Wimax

Transmitting:  The process is similar to that of BS. The frequency offset is pre-corrected. The Ranging and BW Request are generated at the physical layer and a code is selected...
Article Topics :

mac layer, modulation, physical layer, ranging, telecom, transmitting, Wimax

BS Transmitting and Receiving Process in Wimax.

Transmitting:  After being processed at the MAC layer, the downlink data is sent to the physical layer inthe format of MAC PDU. The MAC PDU arranges the data block size...
Article Topics :

coding, downlink data, fdma, mac, modulation, ofdma, pdu, physical, radio resource, telecom, uplink

What is NAP & NSP in Wimax ? How it Works ?

NAP: Network Access Provider NSP: Network Service Provider V-NSP: Visited NSP H-NSP: Home NSP NAP provides the operation entities of network facilities required by the WiMAX wireless access for one...
Article Topics :

ip connection, network access provider, nsp nap, telecom, what is the nap and nsp, Wimax, wimax wireless access

What is Function of CSN in Wimax?

CSN – Core Service Network. Definition It is a combination of a set of network functions and provides IPconnections for the WiMAX subscribers. The CSN consists of the router,AAA agent...
Article Topics :

aaa, csn in wimax, ip connection, network, server, system, telecom

What is Functions of the ASN in Wimax ?

ASN – Access Service Network. Establish layer 2 connections between the BS and the MS.  Transmit AAA messages to the home NSP of the MS.  Assist the high level to...
Article Topics :

asn, connection, intra an, radio reasourse, telecom, vlr, Wimax

Nokia Going to Cut 10000 Jobs.

Nokia has announced another huge shake-up of the company, with the loss of 10,000 jobs by the end of next year. While planning to significantly reduce its operating expenses, Nokia...
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cell, google, news, telecom, telecom news, updates, usa

How Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec (AMR) work in GSM ?

Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) codec consists of a family of codecs (source andchannel codecs with different trade-off bit-rates) operating in the GSM FRand HR channels modes The AMR system exploits the...
Article Topics :

adaptive, amr, CHANNEL, coding, fr, gsm, hr, lte, multi, quality, radio, rate, speech

Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) in GSM

SDCCH (Stand-alone Dedicated Control Channel) Uplink and Downlink. Used for call setup, authentication, ciphering location update and SMS. SACCH (Slow Associated Control Channel) Downlink and Uplink. Used to transfer signal...
Article Topics :

call setup, cell, control channel, dcch, dcch control channel, downlink, forward link, gsm, lte, power control, reverse link, sacch, sdcch, timing advance, uplink

How Many Broadcast Channels & what’s it work in GSM ?

BCCH(Broadcast Control Channels) Downlink Only. Broadcast information of the serving cell (System Information). Transmitted on timeslot zero of BCCH carrier. Read only by idle mobile at least once every 30...
Article Topics :

BCCH, bsic, carrier, cell, CHANNEL, code, downlink, frame, frequency, gsm, idle, information, lte, mobile, SCH, system

Basic Work of MSC (Mobile Switching Centre)

Exchange where calls are established, maintained and released Database for all subscribers and their associated features. Communicates with the BSCs on the A interface and with PSTN on fixed line....
Article Topics :

a interface, bsc, call, communicate, database, features, gsm, lte, msc, subscribers, support

Advantages of Intelligent Network (IN)

Concept of Intelligent Network: The introduction of new services and access to the GSM service are based on the concept of Intelligent Network (IN). This is because of the independence...
Article Topics :

Intelligent Network (IN), Advantages of Intelligent Network, Mobility management, radio frequencies, radio control, GSM serversadvantage, conventional call, dedicated, gsm, in, intelligent, lte, managed, network, server, vlr

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