Nokia Going to Cut 10000 Jobs.

Nokia has announced another huge shake-up of the company, with the loss of 10,000 jobs by the end of next year. While planning to significantly reduce its operating expenses, Nokia

How Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec (AMR) work in GSM ?

Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) codec consists of a family of codecs (source andchannel codecs with different trade-off bit-rates) operating in the GSM FRand HR channels modes The AMR system exploits the

Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) in GSM

SDCCH (Stand-alone Dedicated Control Channel) Uplink and Downlink. Used for call setup, authentication, ciphering location update and SMS. SACCH (Slow Associated Control Channel) Downlink and Uplink. Used to transfer signal

Basic Work of MSC (Mobile Switching Centre)

Exchange where calls are established, maintained and released Database for all subscribers and their associated features. Communicates with the BSCs on the A interface and with PSTN on fixed line.

Advantages of Intelligent Network (IN)

Concept of Intelligent Network: The introduction of new services and access to the GSM service are based on the concept of Intelligent Network (IN). This is because of the independence

Specifications of WCDMA

Channel Bandwidth  5 MHz Duplex Mode  FDD and TDD Downlink RF Channel Structure  Direct Spread (DS) Chip Rate  3.84 Mcps Frame Length  10 ms Spreading Modulation  Balanced QPSK (downlink) Dual-channel

Main Characterictics of WCDMA

Support two basic modes: FDD and TDD modes High chip rate (3.84 Mcps) and data rates (up to 2 Mbps) Employs coherent detection on uplink and downlink based on the

Ranging in Wimax

Since each MS has a unique distance from the base station, it is critical in the uplink to synchronize the symbols and equalize the received power levels among the various

What are the Advantages of OFDMA in Wimax ?

 OFDMA is essentially a hybrid of FDMA and TDMA: Users are dynamically assigned subcarriers (FDMA) in different time slots (TDMA) . The advantages of OFDMA start with the advantages of